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I got the whole article Knox Co. is about half way down.
COAST TO COAST BIKER NEWS
Compiled & Edited by Bill Bish,
National Coalition of Motorcyclists


EPA SETS EMISSIONS STANDARDS FOR STREET BIKES On December 23, 2003 the Environmental
Protection Agency announced the first new emission standards for highway motorcycles in
25 years, but certain concessions from the federal regulatory agency indicate that three
years of opposition and resistance from America's motorcycle rights network has
succeeded in producing a more palatable ruling.

By 2010, motorcycle manufacturers will be required to slash tailpipe emissions by more
than 80 percent by using improved technologies such as secondary air injection,
electronic fuel injection systems, liquid cooling and catalytic converters, though none
of those technologies are mandated in the new regulations.

These reductions will be phased in over a two-tier implementation plan that will require
manufacturers of on-highway motorcycles, small scooters and mopeds to meet strict new
emissions limits by 2006, and even more stringent levels set for 2010.

New motorcycles over 280 cc's sold in the United States beginning in 2006 must emit no
more than 1.4 grams per kilometer of hydrocarbons (HC) and nitrogen oxides (NOx), and
levels of those pollutants must be cut to .8 g/km by 2010. Previously, motorcycles were
allowed up to 5.0 grams per kilometer traveled of HC, and NOx was unregulated. Allowable
carbon monoxide levels will remain unchanged at 12 g/km. Manufacturers will be allowed
to "average" the emissions levels of the bikes they produce, so cleaner running models
can make up for more pollutant counterparts.

Sections of the rule dealing with customization were most impacted by riders' efforts,
and the EPA contends that the new regulations will not have any adverse affect on the
aftermarket industry. Nothing in the new regulations will change what owners may do
legally to customize their motorcycles, they claim, though it's important to note that
it is already a violation of the Clean Air Act to tamper with pollution control
equipment.

Also, small volume manufacturers who build fewer than 3,000 motorcycles a year, and who
have fewer than 500 employees, are exempted from the first-tier pollution limits until
2008, and will not be required to meet the second-tier standards at all.
There is also a
one-time exemption for the owner/builder of a kit bike.

The new federal regulations are based largely on emissions standards already taking
effect in California for the 2004 model year, except on a two-year delay basis, though
California's regulations do not allow for these exemptions.

All in all, motorcycling activists can be proud of their efforts to protect their rights
as consumers and the liberties of our lifestyle. But rest assured that the fight ain't
over, and the EPA intends to revisit the street bike regs in 2006.


EMISSIONS TESTING IN TENNESSEE MAY INCLUDE MOTORCYCLES Based on the fact that the
federal EPA will begin enforcing strict new emissions regulations on motorcycle
manufacturers in two years, Knox County officials might include motorcycles in a
mandatory emissions testing law likely to be enacted this year in Tennessee.

The current standard for hydrocarbon emissions from motorcycles allow about 90 times
more emissions than the standard for passenger cars, according to the EPA, and when new
truck and car standards take effect next year, new SUVs will be meeting hydrocarbon
emission targets that are about 95 percent cleaner than the typical motorcycle.

Lynne Liddington, Knox County's air quality management director, said officials haven't
previously considered testing motorcycles, but "We can always put it on the table."

Knox and 10 surrounding counties are under the regulatory gun to take steps to clean up
East Tennessee's smoggy skies by March 1, 2005 or face sanctions that could include the
loss of federal highway funds and stricter pollution controls on industry. The EPA has
put the area on notice that East Tennessee skies likely will be out of compliance with
new ozone standards that take effect in April. Ground-level ozone, a colorless gas
created by combustion, is the primary component of smog. Knox County officials want
emissions testing implemented statewide.

Whether motorcycles are included or not, Liddington said, the biggest pollution sources
-- coal-fired power plants and tractor trailers -- won't be covered under any testing
program.

"It's obvious that the new EPA regulations are already being factored into new
government regulations at the state level," points out Steve Lundwall, State Director of
CMT/ABATE of Tennessee and a member of the National Coalition of Motorcyclists (NCOM)
Board of Directors. "When bikes which comprise an extremely small percentage of
registered vehicles and an even smaller percentage of the pollution are singled out and
it is stated that the biggest polluters won't be included in the testing program, it
becomes very clear that we are vulnerable no matter how insignificant the initial threat
seems."

According to the Tennessee Department of Safety, there are 6,772 motorcycles registered
in Knox County, which is a little less than 2 percent of all registered vehicles, though
that number triples every June when the Honda Hoot attracts up to 20,000 motorcyclists
to Knoxville from across the country during the height of smog season.

"Here in Tennessee we will fight to protect motorcycle businesses, tourism, ourselves
and our liberties," concludes Lundwall.
 

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this could be a really big one for Boss to swallow!! Injection will probably have to become the norm and ECM controlled. All the other cycle manufacturers are all ready doing that. I think you'll see base price of new bikes going up with the added junk and performance going down.

You're correct, between 2006 and 2010 is going to be a make or break for Boss. Remember what it did to the original VW beetle!!
 

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Emissions testing

In Japan we allready have to meet these standards. They started in 2001. There is alot you can do to comply/ meet with these standards. The Big Blocks are a major hassle though. Most of the small blocks with a little re-tuning and catilitic filled mufflers pass better than the new Harleys. But you are right just the cost of the testing alone has affected the bottom line.
 

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Re: Emissions testing

BossHossJapan said:
The Big Blocks are a major hassle though.
It won't be a hassle if they just switch from the 502 big block to the Corvette LS6-based 427c.i. small block. It's good for about 550HP naturally aspirated.
 
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